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eSymposia | Antibodies and Vaccines as Drugs for COVID-19


EK31-eposter-freund-natalia - Multi-Clonal SARS-CoV-2 Neutralization by Antibodies Isolated from Severe COVID-19 Convalescent Donors


Jan 13, 2021 12:00am ‐ Jan 13, 2021 12:00am

Description

Multi-Clonal SARS-CoV-2 Neutralization by Antibodies Isolated from Severe COVID-19 Convalescent Donors Michael Mor1, Ben A. Croker2 and Natalia T. Freund1 1 Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine Tel Aviv University, Israel 2 Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA The interactions between antibodies, SARS-CoV-2 and immune cells contribute to the pathogenesis of COVID-19 and protective immunity. To understand the differences between antibody responses in mild versus severe cases of COVID-19, we analyzed the B cell responses in patients 1.5 months post SARS-CoV-2 infection. Severe and not mild infection correlated with high titers of IgG against Spike receptor binding domain (RBD) that were capable of ACE2:RBD inhibition. B cell receptor (BCR) sequencing revealed that VH3-53 was enriched during severe infection. Of the 22 antibodies cloned from two severe donors, six exhibited potent neutralization against authentic SARS-CoV-2, and inhibited syncytia formation. Using peptide libraries, competition ELISA and mutagenesis of RBD, we mapped the epitopes of the neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) to three different sites on the Spike. Finally, we used combinations of nAbs targeting different immune-sites to efficiently block SARS-CoV-2 infection. Analysis of 49 healthy BCR repertoires revealed that the nAbs germline VHJH precursors comprise up to 2.7% of all VHJHs. Our data also investigate synergy between nAb for optimal combination antibody therapy to prevent and treat COVID-19. These data demonstrate that severe COVID-19 is associated with unique BCR signatures and robust multi-clonal neutralizing responses that are relatively frequent in the population.

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