The loss and degradation of natural vegetation due to the expansion of human activities has led to a number of environmental impacts, including a greater spread of zoonoses. The reduction in the capacity of human-altered landscapes to control the spread of diseases can be linked to different factors, such as expansion of areas suitable for hosts or reservoirs, greater proximity of these areas to living areas, greater facility for displacement of both vectors and people, among others. Understanding these processes and identifying the main regulatory factor is crucial to take action and reverse this situation. Here, we will present an ecosystem model of zoonoses regulation that can help to implement nature-based solutions for the control or prevention of zoonoses and exemplify the use of this model with a case study of hantavirus in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.
This Keystone Symposia SciTalk was made possible in collaboration with: