Impact of nutrition literacy on birth outcome of migrant pregnant women from urban slums Arshi Mehboob1, Divya Sanghi Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies1, Faridabad Background: Nutrition forms the foundation for human development, especially in the early stages of life, setting the trajectory for growth and development that continues through infancy, childhood, and adulthood, by enhancing cumulative lifetime learning capabilities and adult productivity. In India, women are especially vulnerable to the health effects of poor nutrition not only due to their high nutritional requirements for child-bearing and rearing, but also their excessively greater chances of living in poverty, lower levels of schooling and lacking rights to ownership and decision-making power in the household and community. A third of women of reproductive age in India are undernourished, with a body mass index (BMI) of less than 18.5 kg/m2 according to NFHS4 data. Moreover, the migrant population households generally have low economic returns, hence nutrition in food remains low. Method: The pilot randomized, controlled intervention trial will test the low-cost food-based approach by improving knowledge in pregnant women living in low/mid-income households in urban slums and validate its impact on diet diversity of the participants. Same number of healthy pregnant women will be recruited for controls. The study will also postulate that follow up will result in high adoption rates of the intervention by evaluating dietary intakes and quality of dietary proteins and specific micro-nutrients before and during pregnancy. The intervention impact will be evaluated from the birth outcome through anthropometric measurements and nutritional biochemistry profiles in the mother’s blood and cord blood. Results: The relationship between the variables of the two group, Case vs control will be analyzed using the suitable statistical methods and tools to reveal the findings of the study. The anthropometry, clinical and socio-demographic data will be analysed for both the groups. Conclusion: The study intends to answer the role of improving maternal nutrition in promoting healthy birth outcomes. Similarly, the literacy levels of nutrition during pregnancy may play a role to improve pregnancy outcomes.
Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies
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