Occurrence and Multiple-Antibiotics Resistance Profile of Enterobacteriaceae Isolated from Bats Faecal Samples in Osun State, Nigeria Aladejana Oluwatoyin Modupe1*, Oluduro Antonia Olufunke2, Famurewa Oladiran1, Thonda Oluwakemi Abike1, Olawoye Abimbola Abosede1. 1 Department of Biological Sciences, Microbiology Unit, Kings University, Odeomu, Osun State Nigeria; 2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-ife, Osun State, Nigeria *Corresponding Author
Members of Enterobacteriaceae are important human pathogens and increasing number of antibiotic-resistant strains among the members are detected worldwide. Bats are one of the most widely distributed mammals in the world, they are known as either reservoirs or carriers of several zoonosis. A total of 48 faecal samples were collected with 142 isolates recovered from Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife, 23 faecal samples were collected with 84 isolates recovered from Nigeria machine Tools, Osogbo and 30 faecal samples were collected with 111 isolates recovered from Oba's Palace Area, Ilesa, all in Osun State South West Nigeria. Of the 41 different genera detected, 13 were common to the three study locations. Their resistance to fifteen different antibiotics revealed that antibiotic resistance patterns of the Gram-negative bacteria recovered from the different locations correlated well. In all, the susceptibility and resistance patterns of the bacterial isolates varied and 35.9% of the multiple antibiotic-resistant isolates tested for were Extended Spectrum β - Lactamase (ESBL) producers. The level of multiple antibiotic resistance and ESBL producers among isolates in the study areas is of great public health concern considering the health implications.
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